/sɜdʒ / (say serj)

1. a strong forward or upward movement, rush, or sweep, like that of swelling or rolling waves: the onward surge of an angry mob.
2. a strong, wavelike volume or body of something: a surge of smoke.
3. the rolling swell of the sea.
4. the swelling and rolling sea: *I sit of the verge / Of the cliff – 'twixt the earth and the ocean – / With feet overhanging the surge. –adam lindsay gordon, 1867.
5. a swelling wave; billow: *Then, with a roar, the surge passes beneath and they fall off the back of the wave, instead of before it. –david foster, 1981.
6. a large swelling or abrupt wave, the change in depth or pressure generally being maintained after passage.
7. Electricity a sudden rush of current, a violent oscillatory disturbance, or the like.
8. Machinery an unevenness or irregularity in motion or action in an engine.
9. Nautical a surging, or slipping back, as of a rope.
verb (surged, surging)
verb (i)
10. to rise and fall, or move along, on the waves, as a ship: to surge at anchor.
11. to move in waves, or like waves: *`Move! Rattle yer dags! Move, there!' The dancers surged forward and then back. –elizabeth jolley, 1988.
12. to rise as if by a heaving or swelling force: blood surges to the face.
13. Electricity to increase suddenly, as a current; oscillate violently.
14. Nautical
a. to slack off or loosen a rope or cable around a capstan or windlass.
b. to slip back, as a rope.
verb (t)
15. to cause to surge or roll in or as in waves.
16. to heave or sway with a waving motion.
17. Nautical to slacken (a rope).
{origin uncertain. Compare French surgeon spring}

Australian English dictionary. 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Surge — Surge, n. [L. surgere, surrectum, to raise, to rise; sub under + regere to direct: cf. OF. surgeon, sourgeon, fountain. See {Regent}, and cf. {Insurrection}, {Sortie}, {Source}.] 1. A spring; a fountain. [Obs.] Divers surges and springs of water …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Surge — Surge, v. i. 1. To swell; to rise hifg and roll. [1913 Webster] The surging waters like a mountain rise. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. (Naut.) To slip along a windlass. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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